Mega City Commuter’s Shuttle Line


Commuter railway, also known as section commuter railway, regional railway, municipal railway, suburban railway, commuter railway line or commuter railway line, is a railway transportation system that provides downtown business districts and urban suburbs. It is mainly used for commuting to work and school. Numerous and concentrated. In many urban agglomerations, a large number of passengers use regional railways to commute to and from get off work and school every day.


Railway background
Cities in many places are focusing on the development of commuter railways. On the one hand, they hope to reduce the pressure on road traffic in the urban area, and reduce pollution, and their dependence on cars and oil. On the other hand, they also hope that commuter railways can drive the passing areas to develop into metropolitan residences. Area.


Railway train
Most commuter railway trains will try to increase the passenger capacity, but because the travel distance is sometimes longer than that of the underground railway, it generally does not make passengers feel too crowded. Most regional railway trains do not have equipment such as dining cars and other long-distance trains. Regional railways generally travel distances of 15 to 180 kilometers, with operating speeds ranging from 55 to 175 kilometers per hour. The carriages may be single-deck or double-deck. A common single-deck car can carry about 80 to 110 passengers, and a double-deck can carry about 145 to 170 passengers.


Railway characteristics
Commuter railways are divided into the national railway AC25000V system and the urban rail DC1500V system. Most of the commuter railways in Europe, America, Japan and South Korea are urban rail systems. Most domestic railways adopt the AC25000V system established by the China Railway Corporation. China, including Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, is the only system that is the same as most foreign countries. The line is the Fushun Electric Railway, which is also China’s first commuter railway, which was transformed by Japanese colonists.
In some cities, the distinction between commuter railways and general urban rail transit systems (or subways) has become blurred. Regional railway trains travel on elevated or underground tracks when they reach the city center, and descend to the ground when they reach the suburbs. Examples include Cercanías in Madrid, Spain, RER in Paris, France, and suburban railways in Sydney and Melbourne in Australia. The service frequency and density of Hong Kong's MTR East Rail Line is close to that of a general urban rail transit system, and vehicles are mainly standing, but it still uses the same track as intercity and freight. The JR Yamanote Line trains in Tokyo, Japan run on independent circular tracks. The distance between stations and train schedules of the operating routes is similar to that of the urban rail transit system, and it has the function of interconnecting with other long-distance railway lines. Metro Line 13 in Beijing, China is modified from some of the less-used intercity and freight rails in the suburbs, but the operation mode is similar to that of the urban rail transit system.
Due to the short distances between cities in some European countries, the distinction between intercity train services and regional railways has also become blurred. For example, the inter-city trains in the Netherlands and Belgium carry many commuters to work, and their vehicles, driving distances and frequency are also close to regional railways in other countries.
In North America, commuter railroads are usually operated by government or semi-government agencies.

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